Be sure to select a controversial document that elicits clearly defined opposing viewpoints. If you find the right websites, forums, and online tools, it can make your planning simpler and more enjoyable while making your lessons more engaging and relevant to today’s students. Students can participate in identifying the most common arguments based on their previous class discussion. Write an outline or list of guiding questions on the board before you begin the discussion. The longer you wait for students to respond, the more thoughtful and complex their responses are likely to be. This document is displayed in the classroom. Thus, this method is more effective. Just as in a traditional classroom discussion, students need to be reminded to talk to each other directly, not through you as the instructor. Ask the groups to write down at least 3 reasons for answering the question "Yes" and 3 reasons for answering the question "No.". McKeachie’s Teaching Tips: Strategies, Research, and Theory for College and University Teachers. And second, discussion is supposed to develop the students’ social interaction skills. Find everything you need on our new undergraduate student site. Warren, Lee. The same class management skills needed for a conventional lesson are still needed in the internet class. Show respect for all questions and comments. As you establish a rapport with your students, you can demonstrate that you appreciate their contributions at the same time that you challenge them to think more deeply and to articulate their ideas more clearly. Give students 5-10 seconds to think and formulate a response. If the student does not respond to this hint, tell him or her an exact number of times he or she … Teaching by discussion utilizes one of the best principles of the learning process, namely, the involvement of students in active participation in the learning experience. If 10-15 seconds pass without anyone volunteering an answer and the students are giving you puzzled looks, rephrase your question. Consider supplementing class discussions with threaded, online discussions that you monitor. If you do not do this, students will have a hard time picking out the most important ideas from the discussion and understanding their significance. Your own participation should be consistent and prompt but modest. Brookfield, Stephen D. and Stephen Preskill. They enable users of a website to interact with each other by exchanging tips and discussing topics related to a certain theme. Discussion Webs are "a special kind of graphic aid for teaching students to look at both sides of an issue before drawing a conclusion." Have each student write his final conclusion on an index card. Within discussion forums, students share thoughts and review the ideas of others modeled through collegial, dialogic exchanges. Put our world-class pedagogy to use through workshops, conversations, and direct feedback. Provide a structure. Phase II: Independent Reading: Reading with a purpose set by a thought –provoking question. After discussing the individual reasons, encourage each student to decide on a position on the general question. Small-group discussions, writing assignments, and online discussions can be effective methods for encouraging participation by students who are uncomfortable speaking in large groups and for enabling students to learn from one another. The discussion web: A graphic aid for learning across the curriculum. Classroom practice - Speak easy: learning through discussion. discussion method of teaching 1. discussion akshaya r nair 2. definition discussion method of teaching is a group activity involving the teacher and the student to define the problem and seek its solution.discussion method is also described as a constructive process involving listening ,thinking ,as well as the speaking ability of the student. Develop clear goals and a specific plan for each session. Yet not all students participate equally in a face-to-face seminar. quoted Abercrombie that through discussion certain areas of one’s particular viewpoint are compared and contrasted with others. Thank students for their contributions. Speak with your colleagues about their approaches and ideas. Especially near the beginning of the semester, call on all students to answer questions, not just those who consistently raise their hands. In the classroom, talking is rarely seen as a key skill. Using discussions as a primary teaching method allows you to stimulate critical thinking. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2005. Provide the groups with the Discussion Web graphical organizer (see below). (In University-managed classrooms, the standard configuration is displayed on a diagram posted near the door.). Emphasis on Learning instead of Teaching, Discussion Method emphasises pupil-activity in the form of discussion, rather than simply telling and lecturing by the teacher. This strategy will also encourage the students to refer to one another by name. April 28, 2015. Make eye contact and move around the room to engage the attention of all the students and to communicate that you expect each of them to participate. “Encouraging Interaction in Science and Engineering Classes.” The McGraw Center. “Facilitating Discussions in Humanities and Social Science.” The McGraw Center. In my courses, I require two answers to the initial questions and two additional replies to classmates by the end of each week.Be careful what you wish for, however! Tools for Teaching. Include these notes in your file for the course so that they are readily accessible the next time you teach the course. Consistently use their names when calling on them and when referring to comments they have made in class or in threaded email discussions. There are best practices for discussion boards, and such practices have been established for about a decade; they’re nothing new. Ask the class to identify the main question of the text. Communicate to students the importance of discussion to their success in the course as a whole. There are so many teachable moments. Using their names will convince them that you see them each as individuals with something valuable to add, thus creating an environment of mutual trust and interest. Abstract. Web-based teaching starts with identifying and vetting your resources, creating a lesson plan, and developing online handouts that provide information and encourage student participation. Students then respond to the topic by recording their thoughts in short video clips. Monitor carefully. Let students know that your role as facilitator might become less involved as the term … Discussion Boards (forums) are Web.2 technology that enable student to interact, collaborate and exchange knowledge in different online courses. In online courses, discussion forums provide a place for student-to-student and instructor-to-student interaction. https://mcgraw.princeton.edu/node/1271. They help students to organize their thinking, examine (and learn tolerance for) other points of view, and draw richer understanding from the materials they read. https://mcgraw.princeton.edu/node/656. Define what you think of as a successful discussion (for example, one that includes participation by all group members, stays on topic, and explores issues in-depth and from a variety of perspectives.) Divide the class into small groups of 3 or 4 students. Each time you facilitate a discussion, you learn something about how best to approach the topic. Expect that your students will bring into the course different learning preferences. Encourage questions from the outset. Collect the cards and tally the responses. “What to Do When Class Discussion Stalls.” The McGraw Center. Distribute or post on the board a list of rules and expectations that will promote successful discussions. Create a balance between controlling the group dynamic and letting group members speak. Assign students brief writing assignments, such as writing a set of questions or a brief reflective piece that will serve as the basis for in-class discussions. Respond to student contributions in ways that move the discussion forward and keep it focused on the topic at hand. Less experienced students will require more guidance with this task. Take that person aside and ask him or her to limit comments in class. Recognize your own learning preferences and make efforts to extend your approach beyond those preferences. Have students evaluate each reason ("pro" and "con") objectively and fairly. Create a comfortable, non-threatening environment. Princeton University. Web Discussion Forums in Teaching and Learning. If you have suggestions of resources we might add to these pages, please contact us: teachcen@wustl.edu(314) 935-6810Mon - Fri, 8:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. © 2020 Washington University in St. Louis, http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/html/icb.topic58474/hotmoments.html, Learning Styles and Index of Learning Styles, Encouraging Interaction in Science and Engineering Classes, Facilitating Discussions in Humanities and Social Science. But Discussion Webs aren't just for reading. Each session should have a clear beginning, middle, and end. The use of small-group discussions will allow students to become better acquainted and thus facilitate their communication with one another. Point out that understanding both sides of an argument does not preclude taking a stand. Leading discussions can be a stimulating, enjoyable way to teach. Teachers can feel as if they spend half their time telling students to quieten down, but there are reasons why it's good to talk. 2nd ed. If you are teaching a class of 120 in an auditorium with bolted-down seats and poor acoustics, the traditional circular discussion arrangement is untenable. The study compared two groups of similar students studying similar topic and compared … This strategy offers a clear "point-counterpoint" visual framework for analyzing texts. Alvermann, D.E. Moreover, leading an effective discussion does not always come naturally to the instructor. 3. Despite research showing the benefits of discussions for student engagement and learning, these boards are often the bane of an instructor’s online existence. Discussion Monopolizers: If the same students answer all the time, you might say, “Let’s hear from someone else.” Then don’t call on students who have already spoken. https://mcgraw.princeton.edu/node/661. That way, everyone has to think about the topic and participate in some way. Inform students of the specific criteria that you will use. No matter what level of students you are teaching, you must carefully prepare and actively facilitate the discussions to ensure that they are disciplined and inclusive and that they promote learning. “Managing Hot Moments in the Classroom.” Derek Bok Center for Teaching and Learning. Compose specific questions that will move the discussion forward, illuminate major points, and prompt students to offer evidence for their assertions and to consider other points of view. 4. 5. I often will have my students do work (answer questions, fill out a chart) before the discussion. This organizational tool guides discussions by allowing students to identify ideas of contention, to weigh opposing viewpoints, to critically evaluate the arguments, and to draw conclusions. However, you would be surprised how much discussion can be accomplished even in large classes (link to lament) and sub-optimal physical settings. Use verbal and non-verbal cues to encourage participation. To schedule a class observation or videotaping, contact The Teaching Center at 935-6810. Actively seek contributions from as many students as possible in a given session; if a few students want to speak all the time, remind them that you value their contributions but would like to hear from others as well. The web is brimming with useful resources that can enhance an educator’s teaching experience. In other words, do not assume that you can teach something in the same way that you learned it and get the same results with all of your students. THE EFFECTIVENESS OF DISCUSSION METHOD IN TEACHING AND LEARNING SOCIAL STUDIES IN SOME SELECTED JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF GWAGWALADA AREA COUNCIL) CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The basic objective or goal of teaching at any level of education is to bring a fundamental change on the learner (Tebabal & Kahssay, … Web teaching units for your class or other classes: ... Small discussion groups are an expensive way to organize teaching, and as a result they are becoming less common in some of the budget-conscious schools and universities of our time. Communicate to students the importance of discussion to their success in the course as a whole. Listen carefully. Rethink, retool, revise. Bring the printed roster to class and use it to take attendance on the first day. Using the web for learning and teaching – a new understanding Digital literacy in higher education is more than learning how to Google better – it needs new thinking around online engagement You might also consider opening the discussion on the first day of class with small-group discussions about effective discussions and how to achieve them. In spite of these limitations, Discussion Method is a very useful and effective method for the teaching of History. For all groups, however, having the students take a role in formulating the rules will mean that they will be more invested in following them. Clare Jarmy 20th September 2013 at 1:00am. Move the chairs back to their standard configuration after the class session has ended. To help the other participants quickly understand what your post is about, be sure that your title clearly indicates the content that will follow. Using the discussion method, a student’s concrete, personal experiences are followed by observation, reflection, and analysis of these experiences.This process leads to formulation of abstract concepts and generalizations, which, in turn, leads to hypotheses to be discussed and tested in future experiences. However, the discussion is prime territory for things to go off on a tangent. The discussion class is intended to be a free give and take between teacher and students and among students on the current topic of concern in the course. families reading    Integrate student responses into the discussion without making the discussion merely a student-teacher interaction. A Discussion Web helps students visualize the key elements of an issue and quickly identify opposing points of view on the matter. 12th ed. The Discussion Web consists of the following 3 phases which lead students to engage in literate thinking around an instructional topic: Phase I: Pre-reading Preparation: Activate prior knowledge and set purposes for reading. Use the chalkboard throughout the class to record key points, ideas, and questions. Learn your students’ names during the first week of class. In some cases, discussion boards function along the lines of social networks students are already using. Accommodate different learning preferences. Develop helpful responses to incorrect answers or comments that are not sufficiently related to the issue currently being discussed. reading strategies    Then, reconvene the class as a whole to formulate together the guidelines for discussion that the class will follow the rest of the semester. You can be most effective if you combine teaching methods to reach as many students as possible: for example, combine verbal and visual explanations, explain concepts using both a “big-picture” and a detail-oriented approach, and give students opportunities for active learning and reflection. Provide a structure. It would be easy to hold online discussions to higher standards than discussions happening face-to-face. As a group, class fills out a shared Discussion Web, which includes the most common arguments used by students, and the most popular student conclusion. Share this. Learning through online forums is an important learning strategy for students to improve their language skills. Learn about the Center for Teaching and Learning. A good discussion will help students express themselves verbally, crystalize their thinking in conjunction with the thinking of their peers, and develop a tolerance for those with whom they may disagree. For example, write an outline or guiding questions on the board. One of the most challenging teaching methods, leading discussions, can also be one of the most rewarding. During the Discussion. Keep in mind, however, that many students—especially those who are new to a university environment—will not come into your course with highly developed discussion skills. Arrange the chairs in a configuration that will allow students to see and speak with one another. Princeton University. That is one of the things I love about teaching. Harvard University. Your written evaluation can be designed to encourage the quiet students to talk more often and the verbose students to hold their comments to give others a chance to participate). A Discussion Web helps students visualize the key elements of an issue and quickly identify opposing points of view on the matter. Online forums are also known as discussion boards or message boards. Understanding your students’ skills and perspectives can help you to develop specific ways of challenging each of them to think critically and express ideas clearly. Management research teaches us that people change most rapidly and completely in proportion to the amount of interaction which the… Use this list to promote discussion. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1993. This online discussion tool allows a teacher to post a topic for discussion (could be student-generated) to a discussion “grid” which is simply an online space for collaborative thought. Take brief notes on how each discussion went and use these as the basis for reorganizing your plan for the discussion, improving your presentation skills, rethinking the material included or developing ideas for future teaching and research projects. Combine discussions with other methods. “My ideas about today’s readings” isn’t nearly as cl… Do not answer your own questions. Online discussions can generate a number of messages, so you need to consider efficient ways to make your contributions. Plan and prepare the discussion. While you are charged with facilitating the discussion from the perspective of an expert knowledgeable in the subject, the aim of the discussion is not to bring students around to your way of thinking, but rather to create the opportunity for students to think critically—to question assumptions, to consider multiple viewpoints, and to develop knowledge of the subject. At appropriate points in the session, summarize the major ideas and write them on the board. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this method, everybody participates in the discussion, and therefore thinks and expresses himself. Because of mandated institutional engagement expectations, the discussion … This organizational tool guides discussions by allowing students to identify ideas of contention, to weigh opposing viewpoints, to critically evaluate the arguments, and to draw conclusions. Writing on the board is particularly helpful for students who are visual learners. http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/html/icb.topic58474/hotmoments.html. And it's important to remember that whatever the resources and material being used - it is still the teacher that does the teaching, not the computer. You can also tap into a community of like-minded teachers who are eager to share what’s working in their … If you use discussions on a regular basis, assign grades for student participation. By Edwige Simon. McKeachie, Wilbert, et al. Will you include in each participation grade the student’s performance on informal writing, online discussions, minor group projects, or other work? Discussion Webs are useful tools for readers. Discussion Webs are useful tools for readers. Take students’ ideas seriously: help them clarify their thinking by asking them to provide evidence for their arguments and to respond to ideas and arguments offered by other students. Arrange to have one of your classes observed or videotaped so that an observer can help you evaluate what went well and what you can do to improve student learning. On-call classroom and technology assistance that ensures every student has a seat at the table. In Class and Online: Using Discussion Boards in Teaching JOHN SULER, Ph.D. ABSTRACT Discussion boards provide instructors a unique opportunity to extend their classrooms into cyberspace. On a simple "T-chart," record students' positive and negative responses. together. The teacher may not be able to guide and provide true leadership in the discussion. As you establish a rapport with your students, you can demonstrate that you appreciate their contributions at the same time that you challenge them to think more deeply and to articulate their ideas more clearly. Lenski, Susan D., Wham, Mary Ann, & Johns, Jerry L. (1999). Webs (The Discussion Kind!) Plan and prepare. Make it clear that good discussions rarely happen without effort. (1991). Davis, Barbara Gross. Whether we’re teaching completely online or adding online discussion to a face-to-face class, online discussion boards are increasingly becoming a staple of college courses. After class and before the next one, refresh your memory of names and faces by looking over the roster again. Content areas online training families Reading together to identify the main question the... Issue currently being discussed discussions rarely happen without effort also consider opening the discussion ; rather it! 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