[179][180] A temporary power plant was established at Third Avenue and 23rd Street in 2001, consisting of two 44-megawatt (59,000 hp) natural gas turbines. [155] The ethnic diversity of the neighborhood is celebrated annually with the Parade of Flags down Fifth Avenue,[106] which started in 1994. [201] In the New York State Senate, Sunset Park is in four districts: the 17th district, represented by Simcha Felder; the 20th district, represented by Zellnor Y. Myrie; the 23rd district, represented by Diane J. Savino, and the 25th district, represented by Velmanette Montgomery. Ortiz. [69][70][66] Bids for construction and operation were let,[69][70] but in 1907, the Rapid Transit Commission was succeeded by the Public Service Commission (PSC). It was originally operated by Irving Bush as a massive industrial complex, and was built in phases through 1926. Road data © OpenStreetMap contributors. These included the 676-seat PS/IS 746, as well as three as-yet-unnamed new schools at 36th Street/Fifth Avenue, 59th Street/Third Avenue, and 46th Street/Eighth Avenue. D'Emic Playground at Third Avenue between 34th and 35th Streets, Gonzalo Plasencia Playground at Third Avenue between 40th and 41st Streets, John Allen Payne Playground at Third Avenue between 64th and 65th Streets, Martin Luther Playground at Second Avenue between 55th and 56th Streets, Pena Herrera Playground at Third Avenue between 46th and 47th Streets, Rainbow Playground at Sixth Avenue between 55th and 56th Streets, PS 506 The School Of Journalism And Technology, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 09:12. Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Sunset Park was 126,381, a change of 7,919 (6.3%) from the 118,462 counted in 2000. [89] The Finns brought with them the concept of cooperative housing,[90] and the Alku and Alku Toinen apartment house at 816 43rd Street is said to be the first cooperative apartment building in New York City. Pivot slightly and you’ll find eight nearly identical warehouses, erected between Second Avenue and the Gowanus Expressway. The total number of households is 10,350 with 2 people per household on average.The median age of the current population is 38 with 6,470 people being married and 14,079 being single. As of the 2000 census the neighborhood had a population of 3,520. [5] By 1909, there was significant development in the area surrounding the park,[57] and the immediate surrounding area became known as "Sunset Park" as well. In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019: 61.4%: In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019: 58.6%: Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000) 440,113: Total health care and social … While 30% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, 41% have less than a high school education and 29% are high school graduates or have some college education. [48][62] Between 32nd and 41st Streets, a private consortium operates 6,000,000 square feet (560,000 m2) of commercial light manufacturing space. [6], The 2000s and 2010s brought new development to Sunset Park. [177], The former 18th Police Precinct Station House and Stable is also on the NRHP in addition to being a city landmark. In 2018, 74% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," less than the city's average of 78%. [48][49][50] On the avenues, row houses were built with commercial space on the ground floor, and the residential units were located above. [167][236][237][4] The presence of Our Lady of Perpetual Help indicated the large Catholic population that originally settled in Sunset Park. An initial federal grant of $500,000 failed to effect a redevelopment. [138]:12, Eighty-seven percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is equal to the city's average of 87%. [37] South Brooklyn's development was also helped by the conversion of the Third Avenue stagecoach line to a steam-powered route. The church was founded in 1893–1894 at the same location, and the current building was finished in the 1920s. [93] The most prolific developer was Thomas Bennett,[d] who lived in Sunset Park and designed at least 600 structures in the neighborhood. All our data comes from very reliable sources, like the MTA, NYPD, Google, Socrata, Foursquare and the U.S. Census to offer you the best information to find the right place to live. [238], Sunset Park generally has a lower ratio of college-educated residents than the rest of the city as of 2018[update]. [50] In addition, several low-rise apartment buildings were erected in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. [103], The elevated Gowanus Parkway was constructed on the structure of the elevated BMT Third Avenue Line in 1941,[104] despite protests by 500 residents. Nearly 50 percent of the neighborhood is Latino, according to census figures, and about 40 percent is Asian, including many … The landowners requested that sewers be installed, and that the streets be paved and opened. Whites (non-Hispanic) as a percentage of the population (%): Hispanics (excluding black and Asian Hispanics) as a percentage of the population (%): Blacks as a percentage of the population (%): Asians as a percentage of the population (%): Multiracial people (non-Hispanic) as a percentage of the population (%): Others (non-Hispanic) as a percentage of the population (%). There are 11,666 male residents living in Sunset Park and 12,613 female residents. Through the late 19th century, Sunset Park was sparsely developed, and it was considered to be part of Bay Ridge or South Brooklyn. [5] It was founded in 1905 and was initially located in a two-story on basement By then, a non-partisan political body, with the backing of 25,000 South Brooklyn residents, was created that would only support candidates in the municipal election that pledged support for the Fourth Avenue subway. This trend coincided with widespread white flight to adjoining areas (including Bay Ridge, Staten Island, and inner suburbs in the New York metropolitan area) and the increasing prominence of the neighborhood's Puerto Rican community. This was followed by the provision of funding for water mains in October 1890, and a similar act for gas mains in 1892. [22] Further development was hindered by the area's steep and irregular topography, which resulted in some lots being higher than the streets they were located on. [183] The New York City Department of Sanitation operates a garage, shared by trucks serving Brooklyn Community Districts 7 and 10,[g] at First Avenue and 51st Street. [286] Sunset Park has been served by NYC Ferry's South Brooklyn and Rockaway routes[287][288] since 2017. The 65th Street Yard is located at the far south end of Sunset Park, and contains two car float bridges that can load freight rail cars onto car floats to New Jersey. The National Park Service report (1988) also states that Bennett was the only developer in the Sunset Park Historic District about whom substantive information is known. [5] Bush Terminal continued to grow through World War II. [75] Alongside tenements and apartment houses stemming from the nationally prosperous 1914–1929 era, the area was characterized by "limestones and brownstones, as well and brick and wood rowhouses". Sunset Park Center for Accelerated Studies. [106] The four-lane Gowanus Parkway was replaced in the 1960s with a six-lane expressway of the same name to carry truck and car traffic to and from the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge, which opened in 1964. … 506: The School of Journalism & Technology", "School of Math, Science, and Healthy Living", "Groundbreaking on a New School In Sunset Park (District 20)", "Sunset Park castle-to-school conversion will retain the building's Romanesque charm", "Sunset Park library's affordable housing addition gets City Council approval", "Temporary home: Sunset Park's interim library opens doors to patrons", "For Gleason, a Suite and, Maybe, a Bus Depot", "Rail Yard Reopens as City's Freight Trains Rumble Into Wider Use", "A Nation Challenged: The Brooklyn Ferry; On a Free Boat Ride, 'It Hurts to Even Look, "Free Brooklyn-Manhattan Ferry to End Soon", "A Commute From Rockaway, Now With a Harbor View", "Citywide Ferry Service Study: Chapter 1: Project Description", "Rockaway ferry service only funded through October", "Rockaway Ferry Service Stopping for Good This Fall Despite Activist Efforts", "NYC launches ferry service with Queens, East River routes", "NYC Ferry's a No-Go at the Staten Island Ferry Terminal", "Firehouse, Engine Company 28 (now Engine Company 228)", "Historic Structures Report: Sunset Park Historic District", "New Connections/New Opportunities Sunset Park 197-A Plan", New York City Department of City Planning, "Sunset Park 50th Street Historic District", Sunset Park Business Improvement District, History of the National Register of Historic Places, National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sunset_Park,_Brooklyn&oldid=991110252, Renaissance Revival architecture in New York City, Romanesque Revival architecture in New York City, Historic districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Brooklyn, New York City designated historic districts, New York City Designated Landmarks in Brooklyn, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Pages using New York City Subway service templates, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Dr. Maurice T. Lewis House, designed by R. Thomas Short of the prominent Manhattan architectural firm, The 228th Engine Company fire station, a two-story Romanesque Revival building built for the, Several individual portions of Green-Wood Cemetery are city landmarks, including the main gate at 25th Street, Sunset Park South Historic District, a set of over 280 two-story-and-basement row houses along 54th through 59th Streets between Fourth and Fifth Avenues, constructed between 1892 and 1906. [46] By 1895, the Brooklyn Daily Eagle noted, "Probably no ward in the city has been built up as rapidly as the Eighth Ward. [52], The growth of the Eighth Ward was helped by the development of Sunset Park, a public park initially bounded by Fifth and Seventh Avenues between 41st and 43rd Streets. [3] At its construction in 1919, it was the world's largest concrete building complex. [106][113][121]:73 By the 1980s, other Latin American immigrants including Dominican, Ecuadorian, and Mexican Americans had started populating Sunset Park. A small Finnish population, consisting of mostly families, also settled in Sunset Park in the late 1800s and early 1900s. [c][22] In 1888, landowners delivered "a petition for local improvements" to be effected upon some 7,500 lots located from Third to Ninth Avenues between 39th and 65th Streets, which were estimated to be worth about $1 million (equivalent to $28,456,000 in 2019). [5] The Brooklyn Army Terminal, a massive former warehousing complex converted into an industrial park,[176] is located west of Second Avenue between 59th and 65th Streets and is individually listed on the NRHP. Most of these people worked in service jobs such as garment factories or restaurants, but they were also able to buy homes and start their own companies. [210], There are several public parks in Sunset Park, operated by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. However, brownstone rows exist as far north as 420-424 36th Street and as far east as 662 56th Street, while several bayed brick rows (notably exemplified by 240-260 45th Street) are situated south of Fourth Avenue, where wood frame and frame-brick houses dating from the earliest development in the area remain prevalent. The areas east of Third Avenue, as well as a small area west of Third Avenue between 54th and 57th Streets, are zoned for low-rise residential buildings, including row houses and short apartment structures. The speculators then collected the balance of the mortgage, which had been insured by the FHA; this resulted in several FHA officials and speculators being indicted for fraud, though by that time, "the resulting abandonment could not be reversed. In the 2000s, an influx of Fuzhou immigrants supplanted the Cantonese at a significantly faster rate than in Manhattan's Chinatown; this trend had slowed down by the end of the decade, with fewer Fuzhouese coming to Sunset Park each year. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 46.4% (58,654) of the population. [19][20] Sunset Park did not have its own name until the 20th century; rather, the neighborhoods in southern Brooklyn, including Bay Ridge, Dyker Heights, Bensonhurst, and Bath Beach, were collectively referred to as a single area. White 1 Hispanic 2 Black Asian Mixed 1 Other 1. Ethno-racial composition by age cohort as a percentage of the total population. Sunset Park is divided into two neighborhood tabulation areas, Sunset Park West and Sunset Park East, which collectively comprise the population of Sunset Park. [235][92] Another is Our Lady of Perpetual Help, the largest church in Brooklyn, located on Fifth Avenue between 59th and 60th Streets. Demographics. [56] Residential construction boomed in the late 19th and early 20th century amid real estate speculation initiated by the construction of the park and the Fifth Avenue elevated line. [129][130] Industry City's owners announced a $1 billion renovation plan in March 2015,[131][132] while a "Made in NY" industrial campus was announced for Bush Terminal in 2017. [138]:10, There are several hospitals and medical clinics in the Sunset Park area, the largest of which is NYU Langone Hospital – Brooklyn. [185] Adjacent to Bush Terminal is the former factory of the National Metal Company on First Avenue and 42nd Street, built c. 1890 and distinguished by its Neo-Gothic tower. Finally, while these categories are used wherever possible, the data does not always allow this grouping, so it is important to read the footnotes of each chart to understand the definitions used therein. Statistic is computed as the weighted sum or average of the first European occurred. 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